HomeArticleWhat is Endometrial Cancer? Learn the most common warning signs you should know and also see its treatment
What is Endometrial Cancer? Learn the most common warning signs you should know and also see its treatment
Updated On 14 Jun, 2017 Published On 14 Jun, 2017
Endometrial Cancer, which affects the lining of the uterus is the most common cancer of female reproductive system. Though the disease is the severe one, it can be easily detected with certain signs that should never be neglected.
The uterus is the hollow muscular cavity where a fetus grows. Mostly, the uterus cancer initiates from the inner lining of the uterus and that condition is simply called endometrial cancer.
Endometrial cancer is the fourth common type of cancer often developed in women in the United States and it is rather very easy to detect. This year, 61,380 women in the United States is estimated to be diagnosed with the disease.
Hence, every individual both male and female should be sensitive to the possible causes and risk factors of the very disease and have an early diagnosis for most effective treatment.
What is endometrial cancer?
Endometrial cancer is the result of abnormal growth of cells in the inner lining of the uterus. The cells even have the ability to spread in other parts of the body. This type of cancer is most commonly named as uterus cancer.
However, cancer of the endometrium is different from cancer of muscular layer of the uterus, which is called sarcoma of the uterus. Approximately 320,000 women had endometrial cancer in the year 2012 and among those, 76,000 died of it.
Source: Mayo Clinic
There are certain risk factors reportedly been associated with endometrial cancer. Some of the risk factors include:
Abnormal metabolic activities like an accumulation of fat in the abdominal area, diabetes, high blood pressure, high level of triglycerides and a limited amount of lipoproteins in the blood.
Not giving birth
Commencement of menstrual cycle in the early age
Menopause at an older age
Sometimes a hereditary cause
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
High amount of blood insulin level
This type may develop in breast cancer patients who have been regularly treated with tamoxifen. Patients who consume this drug should be aware of the risk of vaginal discharge and should have a regular checkup of the endometrium.
Women taking estrogen alone without progesterone are also at the risk level of endometrial cancer. Hence, those medications should be used in a combined form.
Here we present you an incident of endometrial cancer of the American television personality Camille Grammer.
Camille Grammer in the State of Recovery with Early Stage of Endometrial Cancer
Vaginal bleeding beyond the menstrual cycle happens in 90% of endometrial cancer cases. If you have faced a menopause and at a sudden, you face this circumstance then that is definitely not a good cause.
Source: Lady care health
Excessive bleeding that usual, period lasting for many days is often an indication of the very cause.
2. Weird discharge
Some discharge from the vagina with unusual color than in regular days in other days or during the menstrual cycle is a sign of danger.
Source: Getty Images
You should have an immediate visit to the doctor.
Some other symptoms include pain during sexual intercourse, pelvic pain, and painful urination.
Diagnosis methods of Endometrial Cancer and Treatment
Pap test is the most common one to detect the disease in women. A sample of endometrial tissue is removed and observed under the microscope to observe the cancer cells. One of the following methods can be used:
1. Endometrial Biopsy
2. Dilation and Curettage
4. Physical examination and history and
5. Transvaginal ultrasound examination
Source: Home Remedies
There are different types of advanced treatment methods applied to treat endometrial cancer. Among those, the five common standard treatment methods are:
Source: National Cancer Institute
Some other treatment options include clinical trial, follow-up tests, and targeted therapy. If the cancer is primitive one then there is 95% chance for a woman to survive within five years and if it's spread to other vital organs, only 25% of them survive.
Some Preventive Measures of Endometrial Cancer
It is definitely impossible to avoid this disease if it is related to family history and associated with colon cancer but some of your personal choices definitely aid you to lower the risk.
Proper weight management is an important step. Excessive body fat produces an excessive amount of estrogen hormone which is certainly not a good sign of sound health.
Source: Everyday Health
Here is a short video on nutrition and exercise for cancer risk reduction. Please Enjoy!
Breastfeeding a newborn is not only good for a baby but it also helps to manage the estrogen level in the body of women. 11 % of the endometrial cancer was under control with the continuous breastfeeding in a certain group of tested women.
Getting an immediate checkup and treatment when addressed with an abnormal vaginal bleeding. Heavy bleeding during menstrual cycle, and bleeding after menopause are often the sign of hyperplasia.
Regular exercise is must to maintain the body weight which keeps the estrogen level in a balanced condition.
People should mainly focus their diet on fruits and vegetables rather than foods containing animal fats.
It's the duty of an individual to be aware of bodily changes. Regular health checkups play a major role for a person to maintain the sound health both physically and mentally.
Hence, female as well as a male member should be aware of these facts and should protect oneself along with other members of family and society.
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