Home Article Learn about the Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Diagnosis of Miscarriage to have a safe pregnancy

Learn about the Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Diagnosis of Miscarriage to have a safe pregnancy

Updated On 01 Jun, 2017 Published On 01 Jun, 2017
Learn about the Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Diagnosis of Miscarriage to have a safe pregnancy

Know he Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Diagnosis of Miscarriage and possible effects on women's health and prevention methods.

Miscarriage is one of the common women health problems as studies have confirmed that one in five pregnancies ends in miscarriage.

A miscarriage is the loss of growing fetus from conception to 20 weeks of gestation( the period between birth and conception). The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists reveals that 10-25% of all clinically recognized pregnancies have the chance of undergoing miscarriage.

Losing your growing baby is equally painful and hazardous to the health of the mother, so, it's crucial to know the signs and symptoms as well as proper treatment of this medical condition. But first, let's jump in to know the causes of miscarriage.

What causes Miscarriage?                       

There's no definitive single cause that results in miscarriage as there are many reasons behind it, ranging from genetic to hormonal abnormalities or reproductive tract infections.

Source: Health & Medical Information

However, most of the miscarriages occur during the first trimester of pregnancy due to different causes including, lack of successful implantation of the zygote into the uterus, chromosomal abnormality of zygote and progesterone deficiency.

Source: Health & Medical Information

Other reasons for miscarriage include:

  • Uterine malformation
  • Reproductive tract infection
  • Hormonal disorder
  • Lifestyle choices like smoking, drug abuse, excessive caffeine and exposure to radiation.
  • Age- over 35 increases the risk of miscarriage
  • Diseases like diabetes and thyroid problems
  • Cervical insufficiency i.e weakness of cervix which usually occurs in the second trimester
  • Trauma or accidents 

Signs and Symptoms of miscarriage

The first symptom of miscarriage is vaginal bleeding. Bleeding progresses from light to heavy and if bleeding persists for longer time, an immediate doctor visit is required.

Source: Mom Discuss

Other common symptoms involve:

  • Severe cramps
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fever
  • Intolerable back pain
  • Weakness
  • Weight loss
  • White to pink vaginal discharge
  • Tissue with clot like material passing from vagina 

Diagnosis of Miscarriage

The major symptom that diagnoses miscarriage is vaginal bleeding during early pregnancy, followed by severe abdominal pain and fever.

Obstetric Ultrasound Technique to detect miscarriage, Source: Very well

Clinically miscarriage can be confirmed by obstetric ultrasound technique and examination of passed tissue. Upon identification of the cause of miscarriage as chromosomal abnormalities, genetic testing of both parents is suggested to be done.

Treatment and Prophylaxis

There's no specific treatment for miscarriage as it's a biological phenomenon. However, it's important to treat the complications that potentially arise following miscarriage like hemorrhaging and infection.

If the bleeding persists for longer time, a medical procedure is required which can be done by Dilation and Curettage(a surgery done to remove tissue from inside the uterus). 

Specific medicines and drugs are prescribed to prevent bleeding after treatment. Miscarriage can be prevented if we decrease the risk factors like good prenatal care, no drugs or alcohol consumption, avoid any infections or radiation.

If a miscarriage occurs more than once, then it's better to consult a medical practitioner and find out the main reason.

Miscarriage brings emotional trauma too and it's vital that she gets full support from her family and friends during that time.

For more information: 'Losing a baby is more painful than losing your own life', here is the list of the top 12 celebrities who suffered from miscarriage

For more, health related articles keep following MarriedWiki

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